May 18, 2022

Washington State Approves Law Regarding Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

A new law in Washington state concerns electric vehicle charging stations. It prohibits community associations from adopting or enforcing provisions in their governing documents that effectively prohibit or unreasonably restrict the installation or use of an electric vehicle charging station in compliance with the new law's requirements for the personal noncommercial use of a unit owner within the boundaries of a unit or in a designated parking space. The new law also includes a number of other requirements and procedures pertaining to those stations.

The new law requires community associations to generally promote, encourage, and remove obstacles to the installation and use of electric vehicle charging stations. However, it also permits community associations to impose reasonable restrictions on those stations. For example, community associations may require a unit owner to submit an application for approval for the installation of an electric vehicle charging station in the same manner as an application for approval of an architectural modification.

The new law concerning electric vehicle charging stations will take effect on June 9. 2022. Washington state community associations should consider contacting an attorney regarding its contents and application.

April 21, 2022

Washington Supreme Court Upholds Homeowners Association's Assessment Decision

The Washington Supreme Court recently issued an opinion upholding a homeowners association's member-ratified decision to raise funds through a combination of use-based fees and per-lot assessments as authorized in its governing documents. An owner sued the association and claimed that its decision violated a section of the governing documents that required assessments to be charged on an equitable basis. The Court held that the association's governing documents grant the association broad discretion in setting assessments and that the association's decision on assessments was reasonable and entitled to substantial deference. The Court's analysis is described in the following paragraph.

When a covenant grants a homeowners association broad discretion in a particular area, that discretion must be exercised reasonably and in good faith. Discretion is not reaonably exercised when the procedures laid out in the governing documents and relevant statutes are not followed or when the information used in the decision-making process is not reasonably accurate. When a homeowners association makes a discretionary decision in a procedurally valid way, courts will not substitute their judgment for that of the association absent a showing of fraud, dishonesty, or incompetence. Reasonable care is required. The respect due to the self-governance of homeowners associations, the importance of finality in budgeting, and the avoidance of interfering in associations' ability to meet their financial obligations are important considerations. To hold otherwise would subject associations to lawsuits any time a homeowner disagreed with a discretionary choice made by the board and ratified by the members.

It is important to note that this decision was based on provisions of the association's governing documents that are not present in the governing documents of condominium associations and many homeowners associations. If your association has questions about how assessments may be charged or how budgets may be adopted, then it should seek legal advice from an attorney with experience in this area.

April 5, 2022

My Next Free Community Association Presentation Will Take Place on April 8

My next free Zoom presentation concerning current community association issues for the Washington Secretary of State will take place from 12:00 p.m. until 1:30 p.m. on Friday, April 8. This presentation will include information regarding a new state law governing nonprofit corporations. If you want to attend this presentation, then you should contact Teresa Glidden at the Washington Secretary of State's office at teresa.glidden@sos.wa.gov.

February 28, 2022

Heated Words or Unlawful Harassment?

A petitioner for a protective order must show they have been a victim of unlawful harassment. “Unlawful harassment” is defined by RCW 10.14.020 to mean “a knowing and willful course of conduct directed at a specific person which seriously alarms, annoys, harasses, or is detrimental to such person, and which serves no legitimate or lawful purpose. The course of conduct shall be such as would cause a reasonable person to suffer substantial emotional distress, and shall actually cause substantial emotional distress to the petitioner.” In a recent unpublished opinion, the Washington Court of Appeals affirmed that one party’s accusation that the other party was a prostitute was defamatory and constituted harassment. Association boards should consider the above harassment standard when deciding whether an owner's conduct warrants a warning letter or a fine.